On August 3, 1882, Congress passed the first
federal law regulating immigration. Under the statute, state-run
boards under contract to the US Secretary of the Treasury were to
inspect immigrants according to rules that were uniform in all
ports. Boards were prohibited from admitting any immigrant found to
be a "convict, lunatic, idiot or any person unable to take care of
him or herself without becoming a public charge." Learn more
laws restricting immigration.
On August 3, 1934, the German Parliament passed a
law that combined the offices of President and Chancellor, making
Adolf Hitler the supreme leader (Fuehrer und Reichskanzler) of
Germany. Prior to the law's passage Hitler had been the German
Chancellor with Paul von Hindenberg serving as President. However,
Hindenberg died on August 2, and Parliament was pressured to combine
the two offices instead of holding an election to replace the
deceased President of Germany.